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Climate Table

1: Peters, G. P., Marland, G., Le Quere, C., Boden, T. J., Canadell, G. & Raupach, M. R. (2012). CORRESPONDENCE: Rapid growth in CO2 emissions after the 2008-2009 global financial crisis. Nature Climate Change 2, 2-4. doi:10.1038/nclimate1332

2: Nakicenovic, N., Alcamo, J., Davis, G., de Vries, B., Fenhann, J., Gaffin, S., Gregory, K., Grumbler, A., Jung, T. Y., Kram, T., La Rovere, E. L., Michaelis, L., Mori, S., Morita, T., Pepper, W., Pitcher, H. M., Price, L., Riahi, K., Roehrl, A., Rogner, H. - H., Sankovski, A., Schlesinger, M., Shukla, P., Smith, S. J. Swart, R., van Rooijen, S., Victor, N. & Dadi, Z. (2000). IPCC Special Report on Emissions Scenarios. Cambridge, UK and New York, NY, USA: Cambridge University Press.

3: Fawcett, R. J. B., Trewin, B. C., Braganza, K., Smalley, R. J., Jovanovic, B. & Jones, D. A. (2012). On the sensitivity of Australian temperature trends and variability to analysis methods and observation networks. CAWCR Technical Report No. 050.

4: CSIRO & BoM. (2007). Climate change in Australia. 148p. Melbourne: CSIRO Bureau of Meteorology.

5: Alexander, L. V. & Arblaster, J. M. (2009). Assessing trends in observed and modelled climate extremes over Australia in relation to future projections. International Journal of Climatology 29, 417-435. doi:10.1002/joc.1730

6: Hope, P., Timbal, B. & Fawcett, R. (2010). Associations between rainfall variability in the southwest and southeast of Australia and their evolution through time. International Journal of Climatology 30, 1360-1371. doi:10.1002/joc.1964

7: Jones, D., Wang, W. & Fawcett R. (2009). High-quality spatial climate data-sets for Australia. Australian Meteorological and Oceanographic Journal 58, 233-248.

8: Moise, A. F. & Hudson, D. A. (2008). Probabilistic predictions of climate change for Australia and southern Africa using the reliability ensemble average of IPCCCMIP3 model simulations. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres 113, D15113. doi:10.1029/2007JD009250

9: Watterson, I. G. (2012). Understanding and partioning future climates for Australian regions from CMIP3 using ocean warming indices. Climatic Change 111, 903-922. doi: 10.1007/s10584-011-0166-x

10: Hennessy, K. J., Whetton, P. H., Walsh, K., Smith, I. N., Bathols, J. M., Hutchinson M. & Sharples, J. (2008). Climate change effects on snow conditions in mainland Australia and adaptation at ski resorts through snowmaking. Climate Research 35, 255-270. doi:10.3354/cr00706

11: Valentine, E. M. & Tan, P. L. (2009). On the Potential Effects of Sea Level Rise on Salinity in Top End Rivers [online]. In: Proceedings of H2O 09: 32nd Hydrology and Water Resources Symposium, Newcastle : Adapting to Change. Barton, A.C.T.: Engineers Australia, 998-1008.;dn=757654858449288;res=IELENG.

12: Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) (2007). Climate Change 2007: Synthesis Report. Contribution of Working Groups I, II and III to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. IPCC, Geneva, Switzerland.

13: Chambers, L. E. & Griffiths, G. M. (2008). The changing nature of temperature extremes in Australia and New Zealand. Australian Meteorological Magazine 57, 13-35.

14: Nicholls, N. & Collins, D. (2006). Observed climate change in Australia over the past century. Energy & Environment 17, 1-12. doi:10.1260/095830506776318804

15: Gallant, A. & Karoly, D. (2010). A Combined Climate Extremes Index for the Australian Region. Journal of Climate 23, 6153-6165. doi:10.1175/2010JCL13791.1

16: Trewin, B. & Vermont, H. (2010). Changes in the frequency of record temperatures in Australia, 1957-2009. Australian Meteorological and Oceanographic Journal 60, 113-119.

17: Tryhorn, L. & Risbey, J. (2006). On the distribution of heat waves over the Australian region. Australian Meteorological Magazine 55, 169-182. doi:

18: IPCC (2012). Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation. A Special Report of Working Groups I and II of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Field, C. B., Barros, V., Stocker, T. F., Qin, D., Dokken, D. J., Ebi, K. L., Mastrandrea, M. D., Mach, K. J., Plattner, G. - K., Allen, S. K., Tignor, M. & Midgley P. M. (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, and New York, NY, USA, 582 pp.

19: Nicholls, N. (2006). Detecting and attributing Australian climate change: a review. Australian Meteorological Magazine, 55 199-211.

20: Cai, W. J. & Cowan T. (2008). Evidence of impacts from rising temperature on inflows to the Murray-Darling Basin. Geophysical Research Letters 35, L07701. doi:10.1029/2008GL033390

21: Cai, W. J., Cowan, T., Briggs P. R. & Raupach, M. (2009). Rising temperature depletes soil moisture and exacerbates severe drought conditions across southeast Australia. Geophysical Research Letters 36, L21709. doi:10.1029/2009GL040334

22: Hennessy, K. J., Fawcett, R., D Kirono, G. C., Mpelasoka, F. S., Jones, D., Bathols, J. M., Whetton, P. H., Stafford Smith, M., Howden, M., Mitchell, C. D. & Plummer, N. (2008). An assessment of the impact of climate change on the nature and frequency of exceptional climatic events. 33. Canberra: DAFF CSIRO BoM.

23: Kirono, D. G. C. & Kent, D. (2010). Assessment of rainfall and potential evaporation from global climate models and its implications for Australian regional drought projecton. International Journal of Climatology 31, 1295-1308. doi:10.1002/joc.2165

24: Kirono, D. G. C., Kent, D. M., Hennessy, K. J. & Mpelasoka, F. S. (2011). Characteristics of Australian droughts under enhanced greenhouse conditions: Results from 14 global climate models. Journal of Arid Environments 75, 566-575. doi:10.1016/j.aridenv.2010.12.012

25: Kirono, D., Kent, D., Hennessy, K. & Mpelasoka, F. (2011). Characteristics of Australian droughts under enhanced greenhouse conditions: Results from 14 global climate models. Journal of Arid Environments, 566-575. doi:10.1016/j.aridenv.2010.12.012

26: Kuleshov, Y., Fawcett, R., Qi, L., Trewin, B., Jones, D., McBride, J. & Ramsay, H. (2010). Trends in tropical cyclones in the South Indian Ocean and the South Pacific Ocean. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 115. doi:10.1029/2009JD012372.

27: Abbs, D. J. (2012). The impact of climate change on the climatology of tropical cyclones in the Australian region. Climate Adaptation Flagship Working Paper No 11. CSIRO, Aspendale, 24 pp. 

28: Clarke, H., Lucas, C. & Smith, P. (2012). Changes in Australian fire weather between 1973 and 2010. International Journal of Climatology 33 (4), 931-944. doi:10.1002/joc.3480

29: Lucas, C., Hennessy, K., Mills, G. & Bathols, J. (2007). Bushfire weather in Southeast Australia: recent trends and projected climate change impacts. Melbourne Australia: Bureau of Meteorology Research Centre (BMRC).

30: Pitman A. J., Narisma, G. T. & McAneney, J (2007). The impact of climate change on the risk of forest and grassland fires in Australia. Climatic Change 84, 383-401. DOI 10.1007/s10584-007-9243-6

31: Williams, R. J., Bradstock, R. A., Cary, G. J., Enright, N. J., Gill, A. M., Liedloff, A. C., Lucas, C., Whelan, R. J., Andersen, A. N., Bowman, D. M. J. S., Clarke, P. J., Cook, G. D., Hennessy, K. J. & York, A. (2009). Interactions between climate change, fire regimes and biodiversity in Australia - a preliminary assessment. Report to the Department of Climate Change and Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts, Canberra.

32: Bradstock, R. A. (2010). A biogeographic model of fire regimes in Australia: current and future implications. Global Ecology and Biogeography 19, 145-158. doi:10.1111/j.1466-8238.2009.00512.x

33: Matthews, S., Sullivan, A. A., Watson, P. & Williams, R. J. (2012). Climate change, fuel, and fire behaviour in a eucalypt forest. Global Change Biology 18 (10) 3212-3223. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2486.2012.02768.x

34: Nicholls, N. (2008). Australian Climate and Weather Extremes: Past, Present and Future. Technical Report. The Department of Climate Change, Canberra, ACT.

35: Braganza, K., Church, J. A. (2011). Observations of global and Australian climate. [Cleugh, H., Stafford Smith, M., Battaglia, M., Graham, P. (eds.)] 2011. Climate change: science and solutions for Australia. Collingwood, Australia: CSIRO publishing. 1-14.

Taxa Table

36: Welbergen, J. A., Klose, S. M., Markus, N. & Eby, P. (2008). Climate change and the effects of temperature extremes on Australian flying-foxes. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B. Biological Sciences 275, 419-425.

37: Klampt, M., Thompson, R. & Davis, J. (2011). Early Response of the platypus to global warming. Global Change Biology 17, 3011-3018. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2486.2011.02472.x

38: Seabrook, L., McAlpine, C., Baxter, G., Rhodes, J., Bradley, A. & Lunney, D. (2011). Drought driven change in wildlife distribution and numbers: a case study of koalas in south-west Queensland. Wildlife Research 38, 509-524. doi:10.1071/WR11064

39: Adams-Hosking, C. Grantham, H. S., Rhodes, J. R., McAlpine, C. & Moss, P. T. (2011). Modelling climate-change-induced shifts in the distribution of the koala. Wildlife Research 38, 122-130. doi:10.1071/WR10156

40: Green, K., Stein, J. A. &. Driessen, M. M. (2008). The projected distributions of Mastacomys fuscus and Rattus lutreolus in south-eastern Australia under a scenario of climate change: potential for increased competition? Wildlife Research 35, 113-119. doi:10.1071/WR07055

41: Matthews, A. (2010). Changes in fine-scale movement and foraging patterns of common wombats along a snow-depth gradient. Wildlife Research 37 (3), 175-182. doi:10.1071/WR09121

42: Brereton, R., Bennett ,S. & Mansergh, I. (1995). Enhanced greenhouse climate change and its potential effect on selected fauna of SE Australia: a trend analysis. Biological Conservation 72, 339-354. doi:10.1016/0006-3207(94)00016-J

43: Gibson, L., McNeill, A., de Torres, P., Wayne, A. & Yates, C. J. (2010). Will future climate change threaten a range restricted endemic species, the quokka (Setonx brachyurus), in south west Australia. Biological Conservation 143, 2453-2461. doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2010.06.011

44: Ritchie, E. G. & Bolitho, E. E. (2008). Australia's Savanna Herbivores: Bioclimatic Distributions and an Assessment of the Potential Impact of Regional Climate Change. Physiological Biochemical Zoology 81, 880-890. doi:10.1086/588171

45: Moore, B. D., Wallis, I. R., Wood, J. T. & Foley, W. J. (2004). Foliar nutrition, site quality, and temperature influence foliar chemistry of Tallowwood (Eucalyptus microcorys), Ecological Monographs 74 (4), 553-568. doi:10.1890/03-4038

46: Krockenberger, A. K., Edwards, W. & Kanowski, J. (2012). The limit to distribution of a rainforest marsupial folivore is consistent with thermal intolerance hypothesis. Oecologia 168 (4), 889-899. doi:10.1007/s00442-011-2146-2

47: Chambers, L. E., Hughes, L. & Weston, M. A. (2005). Climate change and its impact on Australia’s avifauna. Emu 105, 1-20. doi:10.1071/MU04033

48: Gibbs, H. M, Chambers, L. E & Bennett, A. F. (2011). Temporal and spatial variability of breeding in Australian birds and the potential implications of climate change. Emu 111, 283-291. doi:10.1071/MU10083

49: Chambers, L. E. (2007). Is climate change affecting Australia’s birds? Pp. 7–8 in P. Olsen, ed. The state of Australia's birds 2007: birds in a changing climate. Wingspan 14 (Suppl.).

50: Chambers, L. E., Devney, C. A., Congdon, B. C., Dunlop, N, Woehler, E. J. & Dann, P. (2011). Observed and predicted effects of climate on Australian seabirds. Emu 111, 235-251. doi:10.1071/MU10033

51: Brooker, M. & Brooker, L. (2001). Breeding biology, reproductive success and survival of blue-breasted fairy-wrens in fragmented habitat in the Western Australian wheatbelt. Wildlife Research 28, 205-214. doi:10.1071/WR00012

52: Peck, D. R., Smithers, B. V., Krockenberger, A. K. & Congdon, B. C. (2004). Sea surface temperature constrains wedge-tailed shearwater foraging success within breeding seasons. Marine Ecology-Progress Series 281, 259-266. doi:10.3354/meps281259

53: Gardner, J. L., Heinsohn, R. & Joseph, L. (2009). Shifting latitudinal clines in avian body size correlate with global warming in Australian passerines. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B. 276 (1674), 3845-3852. doi:10.1098/rspb.2009.1011

54: Saunders, D. A., Mawson, P. & Dawson, R. (2011). The impact of two extreme weather events and other causes of death on Carnaby's Black Cockatoo: a promise of things to come for a threatened species? Pacific Conservation Biology 17, 141-148.;res=IELHSS;dn=301458137410304

55: Kingston, R. T., Jenkins, K. M. & Porter J. L. (2004). Imposed hydrological stability on lakes in arid Australia and effects on waterbirds. Ecology 85:2478-2492. doi:10.1890/03-0470

56 Silcocks, A. & Sanderson, C. (2007). Volunteers monitoring change: the atlas of Australian birds. Pp. 10 in P. Olsen, ed. The state of Australia's birds 2007: birds in a changing climate. Wingspan 14 (Suppl.).

57: Traill, L. W., Whitehead, P. J. & Brook, B. (2009). How will climate change affect plant–herbivore interactions? A tropical waterbird case study. Emu 109, 126-134. doi:10.1071/MU09003

58 Peck, D. R., Smithers, B. V., Krockenberger, A. K. & Congdon, B. C. (2004). Sea surface temperature constrains wedge-tailed shearwater foraging success within breeding seasons. Marine Ecology-Progress Series 281, 259-266. doi:10.3354/meps281259

59: McKechnie, A. E. & Wolf B. O. (2010). Climate change increases the likelihood of catastrophic avian mortality events during extreme heat waves. Biology Letters 6, 253-256. doi:10.1098/rsbl.2009.0702

60: Garnett, S. T., Franklin, D. C., Ehmke, G., VanDerWal, J. J., Hodgson, L., Pavey, C., Reside, A. E., Welbergen, J. A., Butchart, S. H. M., Perkins, G. C. & Williams, S. E. (2013). Climate change adaptation strategies for Australian birds, National Climate Change Adaptation Research Facility, Gold Coast, pp. 109.

61: Wapstra, E., Uller, T., Sinn, D. L ., Olsson, M., Mazurek, K., Joss, J. & Shine, R. (2008). Climate effects on offspring sex ratio in a viviparous lizard, Journal of Animal Ecology 78 (1), 84-90. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2656.2008.01470.x.

62:  Ujvari, B., Shine, R. & Madsen, T. (2011). How well do predators adjust to climate-mediated shifts in prey spatial distribution? A field study on Australian water pythons (Liasis fuscus). Ecology 92, 777-783. doi:10.1890/10-1471.1

63: Chessman, B. C. (2011). Declines of freshwater turtles associated with climatic drying in Australia. Wildlife Research 38 (8), 664-671. doi:10.1071/WR11108

64: Warner, D. A., & Shine, R. (2008). Maternal nest-site choice in a lizard with temperature-dependent sex determination. Animal Behaviour 75, 861-870. doi:10.1016/j.anbehav.2007.07.007

65: Andrewartha, S. J., Mitchell, N. J. & Frappell, P. B. (2010). Does incubation temperature fluctuation influence hatchling phenotypes in reptiles? A test using parthenogenetic geckos. Physiological and Biochemical Zoology 83, 597-607. doi:10.1086/652245.

66: Mitchell, N. J., Jones, T. V. & Kuchling, G. (2012). Simulated climate change increases juvenile growth in a critically endangered tortoise. Endangered Species Research 17, 73-82. doi:10.3354/esr00410

67: Hamann, M., Limpus, C. J. & Read, M. A. (2007). Vulnerability of marine reptiles in the Great Barrier Reef for climate change. In 'Climate Change and the Great Barrier Reef'. (Johnson, J. E & Marshall, P.A. eds.) pp. 465-496. (GBRMPA).

68: Mac Nally, R., Horrocks, G., Lada, H., Lake, P. S., Thomson, J. R. & Taylor, A. C. (2009). Distribution of anuran amphibians in massively altered landscapes in south-eastern Australia: effects of climate change in an aridifying region. Global Ecology and Biogeography 18, 575-585. doi:10.1111/j.1466-8238.2009.00469.x

69: Osbourne, W. S. (1989). Distribution, Relative Abundance and Conservation Status of Corroboree Frogs, Pseudophrne-Corroboree Moore (Anura, Myobatrachidae); Wildlife Research 16 (5), 537-547. doi:10.1071/WR9890537

70: Wardell-Johnson, G., Calver, M., Saunders, D., Conroy, S. & Jones, B. (2004). Why the integration of demographic and site-based studies of disturbance is essential for the conservation of jarrah forest fauna. In (Lunney, D. ed.) Conservation of Australia’s Forest Fauna, Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales, Mosman, 394-417.

71: Williams, S. E. & Hero, J.-M. (2001). Multiple determinants of Australian tropical frog biodiversity. Biological Conservation 98, 1-10. doi:10.1016/S0006-3207(99)00093-2

72: Mitchell, N. J. (2002). Low tolerance of embryonic desiccation in the terrestrial nesting frog Bryobatrachus nimbus (Anura: Myobatrachinae). Copeia 2002 (2), 364-373.

73: Eads, A. R., Mitchell, N. J. & Evans, J. P. (2012). Patterns of genetic variation in desiccation tolerance in embryos of the terrestrial breeding frog Pseudopheryne guentheri, Evolution 66 (9), 2865-2877. doi:10.1111/j.1558-5646.2012.01616.x

74: Bamford, M. J. & Huang, N. (2009). Status and occurrence of frog species in the Gnangara Sustainability Strategy study area. Unpublished report prepared by M.J. and A.R. Bamford Consulting Ecologists and the Department of Environment and Conservation for the Gnangara Sustainability Strategy, Perth.

75: Mitchell, N. J. & Seymour, R. S. (2000). Effects of temperature on the energy cost and timing of embryonic and larval development of the terrestrially breeding moss frog, Bryobatrachus nimbus. Physiological and Biochemical Zoology 73, 829-840.

76: Mitchell, N. J. (2001). Males call more from wetter nests: effects of substrate water potential on reproductive behaviours of terrestrial toadlets. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 268 (1462), 87-93.

77: Raffel, T. R., Romansic, J. M., Halstead, N. T., McMahon, T. A., Venesky, M. D. & Rohr, J. R. (2013). Disease and thermal acclimation in a more variable and unpredictable climate. Nature Climate Change. 3: 146-151. doi:10.1038/nclimate1659                                               

78: Umina, P. A., Weeks, A. R., Kearney, M. R., McKechnie, S. W. & Hoffmann, A. A. (2005). Rapid Shift in a Classic Clinal Pattern in Drosophila Reflecting Climate Change. Science 308 (5722), 691-693. doi:10.1126/science.1109523

79: Hoffmann, A. A. & Weeks, A. R. (2007). Climatic selection on genes and traits after a 100 year-old invasion: a critical look at the temperate-tropical clines in Drosophila melanogaster from eastern Australia. Genetica 129, 133-147.

80: Kearney, M. R., Briscoe, N. J., Karoly, D. J., Porter, W. P., Norgate, M. & Sunnucks, P. (2010). Early emergence in a butterfly causally linked to anthropogenic warming. Biology Letters 6 (5), 674-677. doi:10.1098/rsbl.2010.0053  

81: Andrew, N. R. & Hughes, L. (2005). Diversity and assemblage structure of phytophagous Hemiptera along a latitudinal gradient: predicting the potential impacts of climate change. Global Ecology and Biogeography 14, 249-262. doi:10.1111/j.1466-822x.2005.00149.x

82: Wilson, R. D., Trueman, J. W. H., Williams, S. E. & Yeates, D. K. (2007). Attitudinally restricted communities of Schizophoran flies in Queensland’s Wet Tropics: vulnerability to climate change. Biodiversity & Conservation 16, 3163-3177. doi:10.1007/s10531-007-9170-x

83: Thompson, J. D. (2010). Flowering phenology, fruiting success and progressive deterioration of pollination in an early-flowering geophyte. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B. 365 (1555), 3187-3199. doi:10.1098/rstb.2010.0115.

84: Thomson, L. J., Pearce, S. & Hoffmann, A. A. (2010). Predicting the effects of climate change on natural enemies of agricultural pests. Biological Control 52, 296-306. doi:10.1016/j.biocontrol.2009.01.022

85: Bice, C., Hammer, M., Wilson, P. & Zampatti, B. (2011). Fish monitoring for the ‘Drought Action Plan for South Australian Murray-Darling Basin threatened freshwater fish populations’: Summary for 2010/11.  South Australian Research and Development Institute (Aquatic Sciences), Adelaide. SARDI Publication No. F2010/000647-2. SARDI Research Report Series No. 564. 214pp.

86: Booth, D. J., Bond, N. & Macreadie, P. (2011). Detecting range shifts among Australia fishes in response to climate change. Marine & Freshwater Research 62, 1027-1042.

87: Rahel, F. J. & Olden, J. D. (2008). Assessing the effects of climate change on aquatic invasive species. Conservation Biology 22, 521-533. doi:10.1111/j.1523-1739.2008.00950.x

88: Morrngiello, J. R., Beatty, S. J., Bennett, J. C., Crook, D. A., Ikedife, D. N. E. N., Kennard, M. J., Kerezsy, A., Lintermans, M., McNeil, D. G., Pusey, B. J. & Rayner, T. (2011). Climate change and its implications for Australia’s freshwater fish. Marine and Freshwater Research 62, 1082-1098. doi:10.1071/MF10308

89: Beatty, S. J., Morgan, D. L., Rashnavadi, M. & Lymbery, A. J. (2011). Salinity tolerances of endemic fishes of south-western Australia: implications for conservation in a biodiversity hotspot. Marine and Freshwater Research 62, 91-100. doi:10.1071/MF10100

90: Balcombe, S. R., Sheldon, F., Capon, S. J., Bond, N. R., Hadwen, W.L., Marsh, N. & Bernays, S. J. (2011). Climate-change threats to native fish in degraded rivers and floodplains of the Murray-Darling Basin, Australia. Marine and Freshwater Research 62, 1099-1114. doi:10.107/MF11059

91: Webb, J. A. & King, E. L. (2009). A Bayesian hierarchical trend analysis finds strong evidence for large-scale temporal declines in stream ecological condition around Melbourne, Australia. Ecography 32, 215-225. doi:10.1111/j.1600-0587.2008.05686.x

92: Chessman, B. C. (2009). Climatic changes and 13-year trends in stream macroinvertebrate assemblages in New South Wales, Australia. Global Change Biology 15 (11), 2791-2802. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2486.2008.01840.x

93: Davies, P. M. (2010). Climate change implications for river restoration in global biodiversity hotspots. Restoration Ecology 18, 261-268. doi:10.1111/j.1526-100X.2009.00648.x

94: Burnham, Q. F., Koenders, A. & Horwitz, P. (2007). Field studies into the biology and conservation requirements of Engaewa species in the South-West and Warren DEC Regions. Final Report Prepared for Department of Environment and Conservation 30 November 2007.

95: Rumpff, L, Coates, F. & Morgan, J. W. (2010). Biological indicators of climate change: evidence from long term flowering records of plants along the Victorian coast, Australia. Australian Journal of Botany 58, 428-439. doi:10.1071/BT10053

96: Hoffmann, A. A., Camac, J., Williams, R. J., Papst, W., Jarrad, F. F. & Wahren, C.-H. (2010). Phenological changes in six Australian sub-alpine plants in response to experimental warming and year-to-year variation. Journal of Ecology 98, 927-937. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2745.2010.01667.x

97: Macgillvray, F. Hudson, I. L. & Lowe, A. J. (2010). Herbarium collections and photographic images: alternative data sources for phonological research. In Phenological Research: methods for environmental and climate change analysis. (Hudson, I. L. & Keatley, M. R. eds.) pp 425-461.

98: Calder, J. A. & Kirkpatrick, J. B.  (2008). Climate change and other factors influencing the decline of the Tasmanian cider gum (Eucalyptus gunnii), Australian Journal of Botany 56 (8), 684-692. doi:10.1071/BT08105

99: Whitnam, J. & Copson, G. (2006). Sphagnum moss; and indicator of climate change in the sub-Antarctic. Polar Record 42, 43-49. doi:10.1017/S0032247405004900.

100: Whinam, J. & Chilcott, N. (2002). Floristic description and environmental relationships of Sphagnun communities in NSW and the ACT and their conservation management. Cunninghamia 7, 463-500.

101: Guerin, G.R., Wen, H. & Lowe, H. J. (2012). Leaf morphology shift linked to climate change. Biology Letters, 8 (5), 882-886. doi:10.1098/rsbl.2012.0458

102: Yates, C. J., Elith, J., Latimer, A. M., le Maitre, D., Midgley, G. F., Schurr, F. M. & West, A. G. (2010). Projecting climate change impacts on species distributions in megadiverse South African cape and southwest Australian floristic regions: opportunities and challenges. Austral Ecology 35, 374-391. doi:10.1111/j.1442-9993.2009.02044.x

103: Wilson, P. D., Downey, P. O., Leishman, M., Gallagher, R., Hughes, L. & O’Donnell, J (2009). Weeds in a warmer world: predicting the impact of climate change on Australia's alien plant species using MaxEnt. Plant Protection Quarterly 24, 84-97.

104: McDougall, K. L., Morgan, J. W., Walsh, N. G. & Williams, R. J. (2005). Plant invasions in treeless vegetation of the Australian Alps. Perspectives in Plant Ecology Evolution and Systematics 7, 159-171. doi:10.1016/j.ppees.2005.09.001

105: Groom, P. K., Froend, R. H., Mattiske, E. M. & Koch, B. (2000). Myrtaceous shrub species respond to long-term decreasing groundwater levels on the Gnangara Groundwater Mound, northern Swan Coastal Plain. Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia 83, 75-82.

106: Memmott, J., Craze, P. G., Waser, N. M. & Price, M. V. (2007). Global warming and the disruption of plant-pollinator interactions. Ecology Letters 10, 710-717. doi:10.3410/f.1088879.542000

107: Cochrane, A., Daws, M. I. & Hay, F. R. (2011). Seed based approach for identifying flora at risk from climate change. Austral Ecology 36, 923-935. doi:10.1111/j.1442-9993.2010.02211.x

108: Wardell-Johnson, G. (2000). Responses of locally endemic and regionally distributed eucalypts to moderate and high intensity fire in the Tingle Mosaic, south-western Australia. Austral Ecology 25 (4), 409-421. doi:10.1046/j.1442-9993.2000.01049.x

Ecosystems Table

109: Mcinnis-Ng, C. & Eamus, D. (2009). The increasing density of shrubs and trees across a landscape. Research Report

110: Kutt, A. S. & Martin, T. G. (2010). Bird foraging height predicts bird species response to woody vegetation change. Biodiversity and Conservation 19 (8), 2247-2262. doi:10.1007/s10531-010-9840-y

111: Crowley, G. M., Garnett, S. T. & Shephard, S. (2004). Management guidelines for golden-shouldered parrot conservation. Queensland Parks and Wildlife Service, Brisbane.

112: Crowley, G., Garnett, S. & Shepard, S. (2009). Impact of storm-burning on Melaleuca viridiflora invasion of grasslands and grassy woodlands on Cape York Peninsula, Australia. Austral Ecology 34, 196-209. doi:10.1111/j.1442-9993.2008.01921.x

113: Froend, R. H. & Drake, P. L. (2006). Defining phreatophyte response to reduced water availability: preliminary investigations on the use of xylem cavitation vulnerability in Banksia woodland species. Australian Journal of Botany 54, 173-179. doi:10.1071/BT05081

114: Groom, P. K., Froend, R. H. & Mattiske, E. M. (2000). Impact of groundwater abstraction on a Banksia woodland on a groundwater mound. Ecological Management and Restoration 1, 117-124. doi:10.1046/j.1442-8903.2000.00033.x

115: Groom, P. K., Froend, R. H., Mattiske, E. M. & Gurner, R. P. (2001). Long-term changes in vigour and distribution of Banksia and Melaleuca overstorey species on the northern Swan Coastal Plain. Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia 84, 63-69.

116: Froend, R. & Sommer, B. (2010). Phreatophytic vegetation response to climatic and abstraction-induced groundwater drawdown: Examples of long-term spatial and temporal variability in community response. Ecological Engineering 36, 1191-1200. doi:10.1016/j.ecoleng.2009.11.029

117: Brouwers N., Matusick, G., Ruthrof, K. Lyons, T. & Hardy, G. (2013). Landscape-scale assessment of tree crown dieback following extreme drought and heat in a Mediterranean eucalypt forest ecosystem. Landscape Ecology, 28, 69-80. doi:10.1007/s10980-012-9815-3

118: Petrone, K. C., Hughes, J. D., Van Niel, T. G. & Silberstein, R. P. (2010). Streamflow decline in southwestern Australia, 1950-2008. Geophysical Research Letters 37, L11401. doi:10.1029/2010GL043102.

119: Kinal, J. & Stoneman, G. L. (2011). Hydrological impact of two intensities of timber harvest and associated sivilculture in the jarrah forest in south-western Australia. Journal of Hydrology 399, 108-120. doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2010.12.038

120: Charles, S. P., Silberstein, R., Teng, J., Fu, G., Hodgson, G., Gabrovsek, C., Crute, J., Chiew, F. H. S., Smith, I. N., Kirono, D. C. G., Bathols, J. M., Li, L. T., Donohue, R. J., Marvanek, S. P., McVicar, T. R., van Niel, T. G., & Cai, W. (2010). Climate analyses for the South-West Western Australia Sustainable Yields Project, a report to the Australian Government from the 15 CSIRO South-West Western Australia Sustainable Yields Project, CSIRO Water for a Healthy Country National Research Flagship, Australia, 83 pp., 2010.

121: Silberstein, R. P. Aryal, S. K. Durrant, J., Pearcey, M., Braccia, M., Chales, S. P., Bonieka, L., Hodgson, G. A., Bari, M. A., Viney, N. R. & McFaelane, D. J. (2012). Climate Change and runoff in south-western Australia. Journal of Hydrology 475, 441-455. doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2012.02.009

122: Ali, R., McFarlane, D., Varma, S., Dawes, W., Emelyanova, I., Hogson, G. & Charles, S. (2012). Potential climate change impacts on groundwater resources of south-western Australia. Journal of Hydrology 475, 456-472. doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2012.04.043

123: Horwitz, P., Bradshaw, D., Hopper, S., Davies, P., Froend, R & Bradshaw, F. (2008). Hydrological change escalates risk of ecosystem stress in Australia’s threatened biodiversity hotspot. Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia 91, 1-11.

124: Sommer, B. & Froend, R. (2011). Resilience of phreatophytic vegetation to groundwater drawdown: is recovery possible under a drying climate? Ecohydrology 4 (1), 67-82. doi:10.1002/eco.124

125: Hughes, L., Westoby, M. & Cawsey, M. (1996). Climatic range sizes of Eucalyptus species in relation to future climate change. Global Ecology and Biogeography Letters 5, 23 – 29.

126: Fitzpatrick, M. C., Gove, A. D., Sanders, N. J. & Dunn, R. R. (2008). Climate change, plant migration, and range collapse in a global biodiversity hotspot: the Banksia (Proteaceae) of Western Australia. Global Change Biology 14, 1337-1352. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2486.2008.01559.x

127: Yates, C. J., McNeill, A., Elith, J. & Midgley, G. F. (2010). Assessing the impacts of climate change and land transformation on Banksia in the Southwest Australian Floristic Region. Diversity and Distributions 16, 187-201. doi:10.1111/j.1472-4642.2009.00623.x

128: Keith, D. A., Rodoreda, S. & Bedward, M. (2010). ‘Decadal change in wetland-woodland boundaries during the late 20th century reflects climatic trends‘, Global Change Biology 16, 2300-2306. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2486.2009.02072.x

129: Notaro, M., Vavrus, S. & Liu, Z. (2007). Global Vegetation and Climate Change due to Future Increases in CO2 as Projected by a Fully Coupled Model with Dynamic Vegetation. Journal of Climate, 20, 70-90. doi:10.1175/JCLI3989.1

130: Hovenden, M. J. & Williams, A. L. (2010). The impact of rising CO2 on concentrations on Australian terrestrial species and ecosystems. Austral Ecology, 35 (6), 665-684. doi:10.1111/j.1442-9993.2009.02074.x

131: Hovenden, M. J., Wills, K. E., Vander Schoor, J. K., Williams, A. L. & Newton, P. C. D. (2008). Flowering phenology in a species –rich temperate grassland is sensitive to warming but not elevated CO2. New Phytologist 178 (4), 815-822. doi:10.1111/j.1469-8137.2008.02419.x

132: Keatley, M. R., Fletcher, T. D, Hudson, I. L. & Ades, P. K. (2002). Phenological studies in Australia: potential application in historical and future climate analysis. International Journal of Climatology 22, 1769-1780. doi:10.1002/joc.822

133: Dean, C. & Wardell-Johnson, G. (2010). Old-growth forests, carbon and climate change: Functions and management for tall open-forests in two hotspots of temperate Australia. Plant Biosystems 144 (1), 180-193. doi:10.1080/11263500903560751

134: Dean, C., Harper, R. & Wardell-Johnson, G. (2012). Carbon management of commercial rangelands in Australia: major pools and fluxes. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 148, 44-64. doi:10.1016/j.agee.2011.11.011

135: Dean, C., Wardell-Johnson, G. W. & Kirkpatrick, J. D. (2012). Are there any circumstances in which logging primary wet-eucalypt forest will not add to the global carbon burden? Agricultural and forest meteorology 161, 156-169. doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2012.03.021

136: Fensham, R. J. & Holman, J. E. (1999). Temporal and spatial patterns in drought-related tree dieback in Australian savanna. Journal Applied Ecology 36,1035-1050. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2664.1999.00460.x

137: Fensham, R. J., & Fairfax, R. J. (2005). Preliminary assessment of gidgee (Acacia cambagei) woodland thickening in the Longreach district, Queensland. The Rangeland Journal 27, 159-168. doi:10.1071/RJ35013

138: Bowman, D. M. J. S., Murphy, B. P. & Banfai, D. S. (2010). Has global environmental change caused monsoon rainforests to expand in the Australian monsoon tropics? Landscape Ecology 25 (8), 1247-1260. doi:10.1007/s10650-010-9496-8

139: Harrington, G. N. & Sanderson, K. D. (1994). Recent Contraction of Wet Sclerophyll Forest in the Wet Tropics of Queensland Due to Invasion by Rainforest. Pacific Conservation Biology 1 (4), 319-327.;dn=857229456853108;res=IELHSS

140: Lehmann, C. E. R., Prior, L. D., Williams, R. D. & Bowman, D. M. J. S. (2008). Spatio-temporal trends in tree cover of a tropical mesic savanna are driven by landscape disturbance. Journal of Applied Ecology 45, 1304-1311. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2664.2008.01496.x

141: Phelps, D., Lynes, B. C., Copnnelly, P. T., Horrocks, D. J., Fraser, G. W. & Jeffery, M. R. (2007). Sustainable Grazing in the Channel Country Floodplains (Phase 2). Meat & Livestock Australia, North Sydney. 

142: Howden, S. M., McKeon, G. M., Carter, J. O. & Beswick, A. (1999). Potential global change impacts on C3-C4 grass distributions in eastern Australian rangelands. In: People and rangelands : building the future : proceedings of the International Rangeland Congress, July 19-23, 1999. VI International Rangeland Congress , Townsville, pp. 41-43.

143: Laidlaw, M. J., McDonald, W. J. F., Hunter, J. R., Putland, D. A. & Kitching, R. L. (2011). The potential impact of climate change on Australian subtropical rainforest. Australian Journal of Botany 59, 440-449.  doi:10.1071/BT10319

144: Stork, N. E., Balston, J., Farquhar, G. D., Franks, P. J., Holtum, J. A. M. & Liddell, M. J. (2007). Tropical rainforest canopies and climate change. Austral Ecology 32, 105-112. doi:10.1111/j.1442-9993.2007.01741.x

145: Gleason, S. M., Williams, L. J., Read, J., Metcalfe, D. J. & Baker, P. J. (2008). Cyclone effects on the structure and production of a tropical upland rainforest: implications for the life history trade-offs. Ecosystems 11 (8), 1277-1290. doi:10.1007/s10021-008-9192-6

146: Murphy, H. T., Bradford, M. G., Ford, A. J. & Metcalfe, D. J. (2012). Spatial and temporal patterns of exotic species recruitment in a cyclone-damaged tropical forest. Seventh Australian Weeds Conference.

147: Granados, J. & Korner, C. (2002). In deep shade, elevated CO2 increase the vigour of tropical climbing plants. Global Change Biology 8 (11), 1109-1117. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2486.2002.00533.x

148: Pounds, J. A., Fogden, M. P. L. & Campbell, J. H. (1999). Biological response to climate change on a tropical mountain. Nature 398, 611-615. doi:10.1038/19297

149: Russell-Smith, J. & Bowman, D. J. M. S. (1992). Conservation of monsoon rainforest isolates in the Northern Territory, Australia. Biological Conservation 59, 51-63. doi:10.1016/006-3207(92)90713-W

150: Welch, D. (2011). Growth and Physiological Responses of Subtropical Rainforest Species to a Heat Stress Event, Honours Thesis BEnvSci, The University of Queensland, Brisbane.

151: Witt, G. B., Harrington, R. A & Page, M. J. (2009). Is vegetation thickening occurring in Queensland's mulga lands? - a 50 year aerial photographic analysis. Australian Journal of Botany 57, 572-582. doi:10.1071/BT08217

152: Dunlop, M., Hilbert, D. W., Ferrier, S., House, A., Liedloff, A., Prober, S. M., Smyth, A., Martin, T. G., Harwood, T., Williams, K. J., Fletcher, C. & Murphy, H. (2012). The Implications of Climate Change for Biodiversity Conservation and the National Reserve System: Final Synthesis. A report prepared for the Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities, and the Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency. CSIRO Climate Adaptation Flagship, Canberra.

153: Bowman, D. M. J. S., Boggs, G. S. & Prior, L. D. (2008). Bowman Boggs and Prior (2008) Fires maintains an acacia aneura shrubland – Triodia grassland mosaic in central Australia. Journal of Arid Environments 72, 34-47. doi:10.1016/j.aridenv.2007.04.001

154: Green, K. & Pickering, C. M. (2009). The decline of snowpatches in the snowy mountains of Australia: Importance of climate warming, variable snow, and wind.  Arctic, Antarctic and Alpine Research 41(2), 212-218. doi:10.1657/1938-4246-41.2.212

155: Wearne, L. J. & Morgan, J. W. (2001). Recent forest encroachment in subalpine grasslands in the Mt Hotham region, Australia. Arctic, Antarctic and Alpine Research 33, 369-377.

156: Wahren, C-H., Camac, J. S., Jarrad, F. C., Williams, R. J., Papst, W. A. & Hoffmann, A. A. (2013). Experimental warming and long-term vegetation dynamics in an alpine heathland. Australian Journal of Botany 61, 36-51. doi:10.1071/BT12234

157: Edmonds, T., Lunt, I. D., Roshier, D. A. & Louis, J. (2006). Annual variation in the distribution of summer snowdrifts in the Kosciuszko alpine area, Australia, and its effect on the composition and structure of alpine vegetation. Austral Ecology 31, 837-848. doi:10.1111/j.1442-9993.2006.01642.x

158: White, A. K. (2009). Modelling the impact of climate Change on peatlands in the Bogong High Plains, Victoria. PhD Thesis, School of Botany, The University of Melbourne.

159: Pickering, C., Good, R. & Green, K. (2004). Potential effects of global warming on the biota of the Australian Alps. Technical Report. Australian Greenhouse Office, Canberra.

160: Woldendorp, G., Hill, M. J., Doran, R. & Ball, M. C. (2008). Frost in a future climate: modelling interactive effect of warmer temperatures and rising atmospheric CO2 on the incidence and severity of frost damage in a temperate evergreen (Eucalyptus paucifloria). Global Change Biology 14 (2), 294-308. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2486.2007.01499.x

161: Hoffmann, A. A., Camac, J., Williams, R. J., Papst, W., Jarrad, F. F. & Wahren, C-H. (2010). Phenological changes in six Australian sub-alpine plants in response to experimental warming and year-to-year variation. Journal of Ecology 98, 927-937. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2745.2010.01667.x

162: Gallagher, R. V, Hughes, L. & Leishman, M. R. (2009). Phenological trends among Australian alpine species: using herbarium records to identify climate-change indicators. Australian Journal of Botany 57, 1-9. doi:10.1071/BT08051

163: CSIRO (2009). Water yields and demands in south-west Western Australia. Summary of a report to the Australian Government from the CSIRO South-West Western Australia Sustainable Yields Project. CSIRO.

164: Nielsen, D. L. & Brock, M. A. (2009). Modified water regime and salinity as a consequence of climate change: prospects for wetlands of Southern Australia. Climatic Change 95, 523-533. doi:10.1007/s10584-009-9564-8

165: Bowman, D. M. J. S., Prior, L. D. & de Little, S. C. (2010). Retreating Melaleuca swamp forests in Kakadu National Park: Evidence of synergistic effects of climate change and past feral buffalo impacts. Austral Ecology 35, 898-905. doi:10.1111/j.1442-9993.2009.02096.x

166: Horner, G. J., Baker, P. J., MacNally, R., Cunningham, S. C., Thomson, J. R. & Hamilton, F. (2009). Mortality of developing floodplain forests subjected to a drying climate and water extraction. Global Change Biology 15, 2176-2186. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2486.2009.01915.x

167: Horwitz, P. & Sommer, B. (2005). Water quality responses to fire, with particular reference to organic-rich wetlands and the Swan Coastal Plain: a review. Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia 88, 121-128.

168: Davies, P. M. (2010). Climate change implications for river restoration in global biodiversity hotspots. Restoration Ecology 18, 261-268. doi:10.1111/j.1526-100X.2009.00648.x

169: Convey, P. & Smith, R. I. L. (2006). Reponses of terrestrial Antarctic ecosystems to climate change. Plant Ecology 182, 1-10. doi:10.1007/s11258-005-9022-2

170: Hyder Consulting Pty Ltd (2008). The Impacts and Management Implications of Climate Change for the Australian Government’s Protected Areas. Report to the Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts and the Department of Climate Change, Canberra, Australia.

171: Department of Environment and Climate Change (NSW), (2007). Lord Howe Island Biodiversity Management Plan, Department of Environment and Climate Change (NSW), Sydney.

172: Department of Climate Change (2009). Climate change risks to Australia’s coast: A first pass national assessment. Commonwealth of Australia. ISBN: 978-1-921298-71-4.

173: Australian National University (2009). Implications of climate change for Australia’s World Heritage properties: A preliminary assessment. A report to the Department of Climate Change and the Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts by the Fenner School of Environment and Society, the Australian National University.

174 : Chown, S. L., Huiskes, A .H. L., Gremmen, N. J. M., Lee, J. E., Terauds, A., Crosbie, K., Frenot, Y., Hughes, K. A., Imura, S., Kiefer, K., Lebouvier, M., Raymond, B., Tsujimoto, M., Ware, C., Van de Vijver, B. & Bergstrom, D. M. (2012). Continent-wide assessment for the establishment of nonindigenous species in Antarctica. PNAS 109, 4938-4943. doi:10.1073/pnas.1119787109

175: Williamson, G. J., Boggs, G. S. & Bowman, D. M. J. S (2011). Late 20th Centurary mangrove encroachment in the coastal Australian monsoon tropics parallels the regional increase in woody biomass. Regional Environmental Change 11 (1), 19-27. doi:10.1007/s10113-010-0109-5

176: Saintilan, N. & Williams, R. J. (1999). Mangrove transgression into saltmarsh environments’. Global Ecology and Biogeography 8, 117-124.

177: Prahalad, V. N., Kirkpatrick, J. B. & Mount, R. E. (2011). Tasmanian coastal saltmarsh community transitions associated with climate change and relative sea level rise 1975-2009. Australian Journal of Botany 59 (8), 741-748. doi:10.1071/BT11206

178: Traill. L. W., Perhans, K., Lovelock, C. E., Prohaska, A., McFallan, S., Rhodes, J. R. & Wilson, K. A. (2011). Managing for change: wetland transitions under sea level rise and outcomes for threatened species. Diversity and Distributions 17, 1225-1233. doi:10.1111/j.1472-4642.2011.00807.x

179: Steffan, W., Burbidge, A. A., Hughes, L., Kitching, R., Lindenmayer, D., Musgrave, W., Stafford Smith, M. & Werner, P. A. (2009). Australia’s Biodiversity and Climate Change. CSIRO Publishing. ISBN 978-0-643-09605-9.

180: Schlacher, T., Dugan, J., Schoeman, D., Lastra, M., Jones, A., Scapini, F., McLachlan, A. & Defeo, O. (2007). Sandy beaches on the brink. Diversity and Distributions 13, 556-560. doi:10.1111/j.1472-4642.2007.00363.x

Adaptive management

181: Shoo, L. P., Storlie, C., VanDerWal, J., Little, J. & Williams, S. E. (2011). Targeted protection and restoration to conserve tropical biodiversity in a warming world. Global Change Biology 17 (1), 186-193. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2486.2010.02218.x

182: Keppel, G. & Wardell-Johnson, G. W. (2012). Refugia: keys to climate change management. Global Change Biology 18 (8), 2389-2391. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2486.2012.02729.x

183: Heller, N. E. & Zavaleta, E. S. (2009). Biodiversity management in the face of climate change: A review of 22 years of recommendations. Biological Conservation 142 (2009) 14-32. doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2008.10.006

184: Renton, M., Shackelford, N. & Standish, R. J. (2012). Habitat restoration will help some functional plant types persist under climate change in fragmented landscapes. Global Change Biology 18 (6), 2057-2070. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2486.2012.02677.x

185: Hobbs, R. J., Higgs, E. S., Hall, C. M. & Starzomski, B. M. (2013). Novel Ecosystems and Climate Change in Novel Ecosystems: Intervening in the New Ecological World Order. (Hobbs, R. J., Higgs, E. S. & Hall, C. M. eds.), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi:10.1002/9781118354186.ch10

186: Millar, C. I., Stephenson, N. L. & Stephens, S. L. 2007. Climate change and forests of the future: managing on the face of uncertainty. Ecological Applications 17, 2145-2151. doi:10.1890/06-1715.1

187: Isaac, J. L., Parsons, M. & Goodman B. A. (2008). How hot do nest boxes get in the tropics? A study of nest boxes for the endangered mahogany glider. Wildlife Research 35(5) 441–445. doi:10.1071/WR08016

188: Shoo, L. P., Olson, D. H., McMenamin, S. K., Murray, K. A., Van Sluys, M., Donnelly, M. A., Stratford, D., Terhivuo, J., Merino-Viteri, A., Herbert, S. M., Bishop, P. J., Corn, P. S., Dovey, L., Griffiths, L. A., Lowe, K., Mahony, M., McCallum, H., Shuker, J. D., Simpkins, C., Skerratt, L. F., Williams, S. E. & Hero, J.-M. (2011). Engineering a future for amphibians under climate change. Journal of applied ecology 48, 487-492. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2664.2010.01942.x

189: Sgrò, C. M., Lowe, A. J. & Hoffmann, A. A. (2011). Building evolutionary resilience for conserving biodiversity under climate change. Evolutionary Applications 4, 326-337. doi:10.1111/j.1752-4571.2010.00157.x

190: Weeks, A. R., Sgro, C. M., Young, A. G., Frankham R., Mitchell, N. J., Miller, K. A., Byrne M., Coates, D. J., Eldridge, M. D. B., Sunnucks, P., Breed, M. F., James, E. A., & Hoffmann, A. A. (2011). Accessing the benefits and risks of translocations in changing environments: a genetic perspective. Evolutionary Applications 4 (6) 709-725. doi:10.1111/j.1752-4571.2001.00192.x    

191: Hoegh-Guldberg, O., Hughes, L., McIntyre, S., Lindenmayer, D. B., Parmeran, C., Possingham, H. P. & Thomas, C.D. (2008). Assisted colonization and rapid climate change. Science 321 (5887), 345-346. doi:10.1126/science.1157897

187 / 192: Lunt, I. D., Byrne, M., Hellmann, J. J., Mitchell, N. J., Garnett, S. T. & Hayward, M. W. (2013). Using assisted colonisation to conserve biodiversity and restore ecosystem function under climate change. Biological Conservation 157, 172-177. doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2012.08.034

193: Harris, S., Arnall, S., Byrne, M., Coates, D., Hayward, M., Martin, M., Mitchell, N & Garnett, S. (2013). Whose backyard? Some precautions in choosing recipient sites for assisted colonisation of Australian plants and animals (pages 106–111). doi:10.1111/emr.12041.

194: Shoo, L. P., Hoffmann, A. A., Garnett, S., Pressey, R. L., Williams, Y. M., Taylor, M., Falconi, L., Yates, C. J., Scott, J. K., Alagador, D. & Williams, S. E. (2013). Making decisions to conserve species under climate change. Climatic Change. doi:10.1007/s10584-013-0699-2.

Interactions Box

195: Brook, B. W., Sodhi, N. S. & Bradshaw, C. J. A. (2008). Synergies among extinction drivers under global change. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 23 (8), 453-460.doi:10.1016/j.tree.2008.03.011

196: Parmesan, C. (2006). Ecological and Evolutionary Responses to Recent Climate Change. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics 37, 637-669. doi:10.1146/annurev.ecolsys.37.091305.110100

197: Prober, S. M., Thiele, K. R., Rundel, P. W., Yates, C. J., Berry, S. L., Byrne, M., Christidis, L., Gosper, C. R., Grierson, P. F., Lemson, K. L., Lyons, T., Macfarlane, C., O'Connor, M. H., Scott, J. K., Standish, R. J., Stock, W. D., van Etten, E. J. B., Wardell-Johnson, G. W. & Watson, A. (2012). Facilitating adaptation of biodiversity to climatic change: a conceptual framework applied to the world’s largest Mediterranean-climate woodland. Climatic Change 110 (1-2), 227-248. doi:10.1007/s10584-011-0092-y

198: Clarke, P. J., Latz, P. K. & Albrecht, D. E. (2005). Long-term changes in semi-arid vegetation: Invasion of an exotic perennial grass has larger effects than rainfall variability. Journal of Vegetation Science 16, 237-248. doi:10.1111/j.1654-1103.2005.tb02361.x

199: Sutherst, R. W. & Maywald, G. (2005). A climate-model of the red imported fire ant, Solenopsis invicta Buren (Hymenoptera: Formicidae): implications for invasion of new regions, particularly Oceania. Environmental Entomology 34 (2), 317-335. doi:10.1603/0046-225X-34.2.317

200: Kriticos, D. J., Sutherst, R. W., Brown, J. R., Adkins S. W. & Maywald, G. F. (2003). Climate change and the potential distribution of an invasive alien plant: Acacia nilotica ssp. Indica in Australia. Journal of Applied Ecology 40, 111-124. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2664.2003.00777.x

201: Kearney, M., Phillips, B. L., Tracy, C. R., Christian, K. A., Betts, G. & Porter, W. P. (2008). Modelling species distributions without using species distributions: the cane toad in Australia under current and future climates. Ecography 31, 423-434. doi:10.1111/j.2008.0906-7590-05457.x

202: Wilson, P. D., Downey, P. O., Leishman, M., Gallagher, R., Hughes, L. & O’Donnell, J. (2009). Weeds in a warmer world: predicting the impact of climate change on Australia's alien plant species using MaxEnt. Plant Protection Quarterly 24, 84-97.;dn=735245080215807;res=IELHSS

203: Kearney, M., Porter, W. P., Williams, C., Ritchie, S. & Hoffmann, A. A. (2009). Integrating biophysical models and evolutionary theory to predict climatic impacts on species’ ranges: the dengue mosquito Aedes aegypti in Australia. Functional Ecology 23, 528-538. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2435.2008.01538.x

204: Skerratt, L., Berger, L., Speare, R., Cashins, S., McDonald, K., Phillott, A., Hines, H. & Kenyon, N. (2007). Spread of Chytridiomycosis has caused the rapid global decline and extinction of frogs. EcoHealth 4, 125-134. doi:10.1007/s10393-007-0093-5

205: Desprez-Loustau, M. L., Robin, C., Reynaud, G., Déqué, M., Badeau, V., Piou, D., Husson, C. & Marçais, B. (2007). Simulating the effects of a climate-change scenario on the geographical range and activity of forest-pathogenic fungi. Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology, 29 (2), 101 - 120. doi:10.1080/07060660709507447

206: Mcfarlane, R, Becker, Niels and Field, H. (2011). Investigation of the climatic and environmental context of Hendra virus spillover events 1994-2010. PLoS ONE 6(12). doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0028374

207: Kingsford, R. T. (2011). Conservation management of rivers and wetlands under climate change: a synthesis. Marine and Freshwater Research 62, 217-222. doi:10.1071/MF11029

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